Hoarding behaviour is the persistent accumulation of, and lack of ability to relinquish, large numbers of objects or living animals, resulting in extreme clutter in or around premises. This behaviour compromises the intended use of premises and threatens the health and safety of people concerned, animals and neighbours.

Animal hoarding

The accumulation of large numbers of animals that overwhelms the person’s ability to provide a minimum standard of nutrition, sanitation and veterinary care.


Squalor describes an unsanitary living environment that has arisen from extreme and/or prolonged neglect, and poses substantial health and safety risks to people or animals residing in the affected premises, as well as others in the community.


Neglect involves a failure to remove household waste and other rubbish as well as a failure to appropriately maintain the structure (both internal and external) of a house, the yards, gardens and utilities (such as plumbing, gas and electrics).

Multi-Faceted Self Neglect

Multi-Faceted Self Neglect involves behaviours in which an individual does not (either intentionally or non-intentionally) appropriately address their basic personal needs. Issues of personal hygiene, appropriate clothing, feeding, bathing and medical needs often go unattended leading to an exacerbation of medical issues as well as social exclusion and isolation. It is important to note that self-neglect has serious implications for both the individual and the community.


For full details. see Training Materials.